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Did You Know These Indian Geniuses of the 20th Century?

  • 01 May 2019
Did-You-Know-These-Indian-Geniuses-of-the-20th-Century

India has produced some of the finest scientists in the 20th century, some of whom had went on to win the Nobel prize. Below is just some of them who has changed the course of human history for the better.

Chandrasekhara V Raman

In 1930, Raman won the Nobel Prize for Physics and became the first Asian to do so. He and an associate discovered what is called the Raman's Effect, which proved how molecules move in liquid and light.

Raman studied the concept of broken light and observed that "there were two spectral lines of very low strength (strength) parallel to the incident monochromatic light."

When scientists were confused whether the form of light was like waves or like particles, the Raman Effect proved that light is made up of particles known as photons.

 Dr Jagadish Chandra Bose

Dr Jagadish Chandra Bose is famous for the invention of the “Crescograph” that can record even the millionth of a millimetre of a plant’s growth and orbital movement. With it, he proved that plants have a circulatory system. It also proved the that the upward movement of the sap in plants is because of living cells.

Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya invented the ‘automatic sluice gates’ and ‘block irrigation system,’ which are still considered to be marvels of engineering. As driver beds were not cost efficient, he came up with a way of filtering water through ‘Collector Wells’ in 1895, which was rarely seen anywhere in the world. Each year, his birthday 15 September is celebrated as Engineer’s Day in India.

Srinivasa Ramanujam

Known as the greatest mathematician of the 20th century, his contribution in the field of mathematics and geometry has been immense. He conducted research on elliptic function, continued fractions, infinite series and analytical theory of numbers without any formal training.
 
Photo Credit: Fine art America, India Times, Scientist Information, Thoughtco



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