You might have heard that almost everything comes from India – as popularised by the BBC parody called, "Goodness Gracious Me".

The sketch comedy created by Sanjeev Bhaskar, Meera Syal and Anil Gupta in the 90s, as it turns out, was not too far off the mark!

By definition, technology is a technique or skill that is used to solve problems. As it happens, India is the birthplace of many instances where scientific knowledge became put to a practical purpose, resulting in the conveniences we take for granted today.

Read on to be amazed by the simple yet crucial marvels attributed to the South Asian nation, which date back to the earliest of human civilisations.

Fibonacci sequence

The Fibonacci set of numbers start with a one or a zero, followed by a one, and proceeds based on the rule that each number is equal to the sum of the preceding two numbers.

These were first described by Virahanka as early as the 8th century B.C, based on the Chhanda-sutras of Pingala written in the 4th century BCE.

Pythagoras theorem

Although the mathematical expression for geometry is named after a Greek philosopher, the knowledge had been discovered much earlier sometime between 500 to 800 BC by mathematicians in Mesopotamia, India and China.

The Baudhayana Sulba Sutra (ancient Vedic Sanskrit texts) contains a statement of the Pythagorean theorem and also geometrical proof for an isosceles right triangle.


Although likely started off as ornamental, the earliest known button, was found in Mohenjo-daro, made out of curved shell that is now more than 5,000 years old. Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley is one of the world's earliest major cities in ancient India. Today, the archeological site is in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.


Ivory rulers were also found in areas in the Indus Valley, which now cover both Pakistan and Western India. The rulers are believed to have been prominently used in measurements of the valley's building bricks. The rulers could be used to calibrate to 1/16 of an inch, which is less than 2 millimeters.

Weighing scale

Between 2400 BC-1800 BC, civilisation in the Indus valley used balancers to compare measure and compare trade goods.


This popular board games had its origins from an ancient strategy game, Chaturanga, developed during the Gupta Empire in India around the 6th century AD. It's no surprise that in Malay, which has origins in Sanskrit, the game is known as "catur".

Ancient Dentistry

Healers in the Indus civilisation were known to practice dentistry as far back as 7000 BC. Evidence in Mehrgarh shows that bow drills were used to cure tooth disorders.

Plastic surgery

Ancient Indian physician, Sushruta is credited with being the father of plastic surgery around 600 BC. The Sushruta Samhita, is a treatise that discussed surgical techniques of making incisions, probing, extraction of foreign bodies, alkali and thermal cauterisation, which eventually made their way to Europe centuries later.

Crucible steel

Historians believe South India was producing high quality steel much earlier than the European method known as crucible technique. High grade steel could be formed from mixing together and heating wrought iron, charcoal, and glass.

Article Source: storypick, factslegend

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