The 5 Elements In Our Body & The Mudras Tied To Them

  • 15 Mar 2020

Nizha Periaswamy

As a yoga teacher, I teach asanas (poses) and pranayama (breathing), and occasionally,  dyana (meditation) to my students. 

Beside these, I too teach mudra (hand gesture) and its benefits. We combine mudra with meditation to achieve the ultimate benefit. 

But practising mudra, it is important to know to know the dominance of each elements. Our bodies are made up of the 5 elements : Fire, Air, Ether (Space), Earth, and Water. 

Do you know that all these elements are within us, and each finger in our hands corresponds to an element? Below, I share the ties between the elements with our fingers, and the related mudras. 

1)  Earth, or bhumi, connected to something solid is represented by the ring finger.

For example, earth elements in your body includes the skin, bone, hair, teeth and organ. It concerns our basic needs, such as food, shelter, and sex. 

Diseases tied to this element: Osteoporosis, Paralysis

Mudras: Prithvi mudra

2) Air, or vayu, is represented by the index finger.

This is believed to be the uppermost of all the elements. The air is a life force, gives freedom and  lightness. The mudra related to this finger is good to relieve excessive gas, joint pains, bloating and abdominal discomfort.

Diseases tied to this element: Acne, Hypothyroidism, Alzheimer’s disease. 

Mudra: Vayu mudra, Nyana mudra, Chinmaya mudra

3) Water, or jala is the most important element to all survival of all living things.  

The pinky finger represents this element, which can relate to movement, gentleness, fluidity, flexibility and inquisitiveness.

Diseases tied to this element: Eczema, Constipation, Dehydration 

Mudra: Varun mudra

4)  Ether, known as Aakash is an element that puts everything together and allows them to prosper.

This element is represented by the middle finger. Practicing mudra related to this element can help control high blood pressure, reduce dullness in the body, and remove anger and fear.

Diseases tied to this element: Depression, Stress

Mudra: Aakash mudra, Shunya mudra

5)  Fire or Agni is an element that corresponds with life force, energy, strength and vitality.

The thumb represent this crucial element. Doing mudra related to this element can help boost the immune system and keep metabolism strong.

Diseases tied to this element: : Constipation, Indigestion 

Mudra:  Surya mudra, Aditi mudra

Nizha Periaswamy is a yoga instructor and freelance writer.

Photo source:

Suggested Articles

5-Unique-Facts-About-The-Pazhamudircholai-Murugan-Temple Lifestyle
  • 27 Jan 2021

5 Unique Facts About The Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple

Located atop a hill covered with dense forests at a hill station (Solaimalai) about 1,100 feet above sea level, Pazhamudircholai is the sixth abode of Lord Murugan.

The-Famous-Story-Behind-Swamimalai-Murugan-Temple Lifestyle
  • 27 Jan 2021

The Famous Story Behind Swamimalai Murugan Temple

Swamimalai holds a special place in the hearts of Murugan devotees. It is important because this is when and where the secret of the Pranava Mantra 'Aum' was revealed.

The-Legend-Behind-Thirupparamkunram-Murugan-Temple Lifestyle
  • 27 Jan 2021

The Legend Behind Thirupparamkunram Murugan Temple

Legend has it there is a place on earth where the sun and moon abide. This special place is located in the town of Madurai.

Thaipusam-Guide-Understand-its-Meaning-and-Rituals Lifestyle
  • 27 Jan 2021

Thaipusam Guide: Understand its Meaning and Rituals

While Thaipusam is a celebration for all, how many of us truly understand the significance of the occasion and the meaning of its rituals?

Panchamirtha-Vannam-Poetry-for-Lord-Murugan Lifestyle
  • 27 Jan 2021

Panchamirtha Vannam: Poetry for Lord Murugan

Lord Murugan himself is believed to have told an old lady in Tiruchendur, 'I will be present physically wherever the song is sung on a pleasant note.'

Murugan-His-Hill-Temples-What-s-So-Special-About-Hills Lifestyle
  • 27 Jan 2021

Murugan & His Hill Temples, What's So Special About Hills?

There is a reason why most Murugan temples are built on top of mountains or hills...